Human rights violations in Crimea
We are deeply concerned about growing repressions, serious human rights violations and discrimination of the Crimean Tatars and ethnic Ukrainians in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
Grave human rights violations have been reported by NGOs and respective bodies of key international organizations including the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Its report of 25 September 2017 "Situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)" concluded that the human rights situation in Crimea has significantly deteriorated since the beginning of its occupation by the Russian Federation with multiple and grave violations committed by Russian state agents.
As of today, Russia continues blatantly violate its obligations and there is no single sign that the Russian Federation as an occupying power will comply the requirements of the Resolution 71/205.
Furthermore, Russia continues to ignore all requests of the Office of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to ensure the proper and unimpeded access of international human rights monitoring mechanisms to Crimea.
In view of the further deterioration of the human rights situation in Crimea, the lack of access to the occupied territory for representatives of monitoring mechanisms, Ukraine has presented to the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly an updated resolution. On November 14, 2017, it has been adopted by the GA Third Committee and then adopted by the General Assembly on December 19, 2017.
We strongly believe that further steps are needed to consolidate the international community and to ensure the constant political pressure on the Russian side. This is the only way to achieve the positive effect for human rights situation in Crimea. As of to-day, of special importance in this regard are the following decisions:
At the same time we understand that the ultimate way of resolving the problem of human rights violations is de-occupation of the Crimean peninsula.
Militarization of Crimea
Comparing to the pre-occupation period, Russia has more than doubled personal strength of its military in Crimea (32200 persons as of October 2017) from its before-occupation level of 12.500 persons. In the near future (2020-2025) it is expected further increase up to 43.000 persons.
Russia also has substantially reinforced and modernized its Crimean military land, air and naval components. Since January 2014, as of October 2017, it has increased:
Particularly dangerous are the Russian actions to prepare Crimean military infrastructure for deployment of nuclear weapons, including refurbishment of the infrastructure of Soviet-era nuclear warheads storage facilities. Potential carriers of nuclear weapons, such as warships, short-range missile systems and combat aircraft, have been already deployed there.
Crimea is being used by Russia for doing its outreach military activity, in particular. in Syria.
Militarization of Crimea complicates the security situation in the region and international efforts of de-occupation of the peninsular.